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              National Real Estate Development and Sales in the First Eleven Months of 2021
              National Bureau of Statistics of China2021-12-16 11:00




              1. The completion of real estate investment

               

              From January to November, the national investment in real estate development was 13,731.4 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 6.0 percent; it was 13.2 percent higher than that from January to November 2019, with an average growth of 6.4 percent in the two years. Among them, the residential investment was 10,358.7 billion yuan, an increase of 8.1 percent.

               

               

              From January to November, the investment in real estate development in the eastern region was 7,248.3 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 5.8 percent; the central region invested 2,867.4 billion yuan, an increase of 10.2 percent; the investment in the western region was 3,095.9 billion yuan, an increase of 4.1 percent; and the investment in northeast China was 519.9 billion yuan, down 0.9 percent.

               

              From January to November, the housing construction area of real estate development enterprises was 9,596.54 million square meters, a year-on-year increase of 6.3 percent. Among them, the residential construction area was 6,795.4 million square meters, an increase of 6.5 percent. The new construction area of houses was 1,828.2 million square meters, down 9.1 percent. Among them, the newly started residential area was 1,350.17 million square meters, down 8.4 percent. The completed housing area was 687.54 million square meters, an increase of 16.2 percent. Among them, the completed residential area was 495.82 million square meters, an increase of 16.2 percent.

               

              From January to November, the land acquisition area of real estate development enterprises was 182.87 million square meters, a year-on-year decrease of 11.2 percent; and the land transaction price was 1,451.9 billion yuan, an increase of 4.5 percent.

               

              2. Sales of Commercial Buildings

               

              From January to November, the sales area of commercial housing was 1,581.31 million square meters, a year-on-year increase of 4.8 percent; it was 6.2 percent higher than that from January to November 2019, with an average growth of 3.1 percent in the two years. Among them, the sales area of residential buildings increased by 4.4 percent, the sales area of office buildings increased by 2.0 percent, and the sales area of commercial business houses decreased by 2.6 percent. The sales volume of commercial housing was 16,166.7 billion yuan, an increase of 8.5 percent; it was 16.3 percent higher than that from January to November 2019, with an average growth of 7.8 percent in the two years. Among them, residential sales increased by 9.3 percent, office building sales decreased by 3.0 percent, and commercial business housing sales decreased by 2.2 percent.

               

               

              From January to November, the sales area of commercial houses in the eastern region was 650.44 million square meters, a year-on-year increase of 5.8 percent; the sales volume was 9,231.3 billion yuan, an increase of 11.8 percent. The sales area of commercial housing in the central region was 447.27 million square meters, an increase of 9.0 percent; sales reached 3,321.8 billion yuan, an increase of 11.1 percent. The sales area of commercial houses in the western region was 425.15 million square meters, an increase of 1.2 percent; sales reached 3,147.5 billion yuan, an increase of 0.7 percent. The sales area of commercial housing in northeast China was 58.44 million square meters, down 7.5 percent; the sales volume was 466 billion yuan, down 11.0 percent.

                                       

              At the end of November, the area of commercial housing for sale was 501.65 million square meters, a decrease of 380,000 square meters compared with the end of October. Among them, the area for sale of residential buildings decreased by 990,000 square meters, the area for sale of office buildings decreased by 140,000 square meters, and the area for sale of commercial business houses decreased by 260,000 square meters.

               

              3. Sources of Funds for Real Estate Development Enterprises

               

              From January to November, real estate development enterprises paid in 18,336.2 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 7.2 percent; it was 14.2 percent higher than that from January to November 2019, with an average growth of 6.9 percent in the two years. Among them, domestic loans amounted to 2,164 billion yuan, down 10.8 percent; the utilized foreign capital was 9 billion yuan, down 41.7 percent; self-raised funds were 5,937.8 billion yuan, an increase of 4.8 percent; deposits and advance receipts reached 6,715.6 billion yuan, an increase of 17.0 percent; and personal mortgage loans amounted to 2,963.3 billion yuan, an increase of 9.8 percent.

               

               

              4. National Real Estate Climate Index

               

              In November, the real estate development climate index (referred to as "national housing climate index") was 100.51.

               

               

              Investment in Real Estate Development for January-November

               

              Indicators

              Absolute

              Value

              Growth Rate

              Year-on-Year

              (%)

                   

               Investment in Real Estate (100 million yuan)

              137314

              6.0

                Of which: Residential Buildings

              103587

              8.1

                    Office Buildings

              5438

              -6.1

                    Buildings for Commercial Business

              11520

              -3.1

               Floor Space under Construction (10,000 sq.m)

              959654

              6.3

                Of which: Residential Buildings

              679540

              6.5

                    Office Buildings

              37126

              2.3

                    Buildings for Commercial Business

              89648

              -1.9

               Floor Space of Houses Newly Started (10,000 sq.m)

              182820

              -9.1

                Of which: Residential Buildings

              135017

              -8.4

                    Office Buildings

              4713

              -19.3

                    Buildings for Commercial Business

              12936

              -20.2

               Floor Space of Buildings Completed (10,000 sq.m)

              68754

              16.2

                Of which: Residential Buildings

              49582

              16.2

                    Office Buildings

              2217

              16.8

                    Buildings for Commercial Business

              6054

              4.8

               Land Acquisition Area (10,000 sq.m)

              18287

              -11.2

               Value of Land Transactions (100 million yuan)

              14519

              4.5

               Floor Space of Commercial Buildings Sold (10,000 sq.m)

              158131

              4.8

                Of which: Residential Buildings

              139156

              4.4

                    Office Buildings

              2827

              2.0

                    Buildings for Business Use

              7530

              -2.6

               Sales of Commercial Buildings (100 million yuan)

              161667

              8.5

                Of which: Residential Buildings

              145597

              9.3

                    Office Buildings

              3950

              -3.0

                    Buildings for Commercial Business

              8075

              -2.2

               Floor Space of Commercial Housing for Sale (10,000 sq.m)

              50165

              1.8

                Of which: Residential Buildings

              22280

              1.0

                    Office Buildings

              3702

              -1.6

                    Buildings for Commercial Business

              12720

              -1.7

               Sources of Funds for Real Estate Development Enterprises

               (100 million yuan)

              183362

              7.2

                Of which: Domestic Loans

              21640

              -10.8

                    Foreign Investment

              90

              -41.7

                    Self-raising Funds

              59378

              4.8

                    Deposits and Advance Payments

              67156

              17.0

                    Personal Mortgage

              29633

              9.8

                   

               

              Real Estate Investment in Eastern, Central and Western Regions for January-November

               

              Regions

              Investment

              (100 million yuan)

               

              Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

               

              Residential Buildings

              Residential Buildings

                       

              National Total

              137314

              103587

              6.0

              8.1

              Eastern

              72483

              53067

              5.8

              7.3

              Central

              28674

              23225

              10.2

              13.6

              Western

              30959

              23294

              4.1

              5.9

              Northeastern

              5199

              4001

              -0.9

              1.5

                       

                                                                 

              Sales of Commercial Buildings in Eastern, Central and Western Regions for January-November

               

              Regions

              Floor Space of Commercial Buildings Sold

              Sales of Commercial Buildings

              Absolute

              Value

              (1000 Sq.m)

              Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

              Absolute

              Value

              (100 million yuan)

              Growth Rate Y/Y (%)

               

               

               

               

               

              National Total

              158131

              4.8

              161667

              8.5

              Eastern

              65044

              5.8

              92313

              11.8

              Central

              44727

              9.0

              33218

              11.1

              Western

              42515

              1.2

              31475

              0.7

              Northeastern

              5844

              -7.5

              4660

              -11.0

                       

               

              Annotations:

               

              1. Explanation of Indicator

               

              The total investment in real estate development this year: refers to the investment of all construction projects for housing, land development projects, public welfare construction and land acquisition costs in the reporting period. The index is cumulatively statistical data based on the principle of image progress.

               

              Area of commercial buildings sold: refer total areas sold of new commercial buildings in the contract during the reporting period (i.e. area of floor space designated in the formal contract signed by both sides). The indicator is cumulative data.

               

              Value of commercial buildings sold: refers to the total contracted vale of new commercial buildings for sale during the reporting period (i.e. the total value of sales for selling of commercial building as designated in the formal contract signed by both sides). This indicator is cumulative data, as well as the sale of floor space of commercial buildings.

               

              The sources of funds for real estate development enterprises in the year: refers to various currencies and sources of real estate development funds actually available by the real estate development enterprises in the reporting period. Specifically, it includes domestic loans, foreign investment, self-raised funds and other funds. The index is cumulative data.

               

              Floor space of buildings under construction: refers to the total floor space of all buildings by the real estate development enterprises during the reference time. Including floor space newly started in current year, floor space of continued construction of the building from the former period, floor space of stopped or postponed in the previous period but recovered in current year, floor space completed during current year, and newly started floor space in current year but postponed. Floor space under construction of multi-story buildings refers to the total floor space of all stories.

               

              Floor space of houses newly started: refers to floor space of houses newly started by the real estate development enterprises during the reference time, the unit project as the accounting object. Not including continued construction area of housing which started in the previous period, and restarted construction area in the current year but stopped or postponed in the previous period. Specific due date is subject to starts to housing officially began ground-breaking gouge (ground treatment or permanent piles). Floor space of houses newly started refers to the entire floor spaces of whole building; the calculation cannot be separated.

               

              Floor space of buildings completed: refers to housing construction during the reporting period have been completed in accordance with design requirements, achieved to living and conditions of use, acceptance of accreditation standards or to the final acceptance, total building areas could formally hand over to be used.

               

              Land acquisition area: refers to land area by the real estate development enterprises in the year through various ways to obtain land.

               

              Value of land transactions: refers to final amount of transactions of land use rights by the real estate development enterprises. In the primary land market, refers to the final section of land allocation, "auction" price and sale price; the secondary land market, refers to the finalize the contract price on land transfer, lease, mortgage, etc. Price of land transactions and land acquisition area are the same scope, December calculate the average purchase price of land.

               

              2. Statistics Coverage

               

              All real estate development and corporate business units.

               

              3. Survey Methods

               

              Collected monthly with complete enumeration (no report in January).

               

              4. Brief Description on National Real Estate Climate Index

               

              The national real estate climate index follows the theory of economic cycle fluctuation, based on the business cycle theory and business cycle analysis, using time series, multivariate statistics, econometric analysis, taking real estate development and investment as the benchmarks, selecting related indicators such as real estate investment, capital, area, sales, excluding the impact of seasonal factors, including random factors, compiled by adopting the growth rate cycles method. The historical data will be revised monthly according to the newly added data. National real estate index selected year 2012 as the base year, and its growth rate was set at 100. Typically, the most appropriate level of national real estate climate index is 100, the moderate level is between 95 and 105, the lower level is below 95, and the higher level is above 105.

               

              5. Division on Eastern, Central, Western and Northeastern Regions

               

              Eastern region includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong, and Hainan. Central region includes Shanxi, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, and Hunan. Western region includes Inner Mongolia, Guangxi, Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, and Xinjiang. Northeastern region includes Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang.

               

              6. The average growth rate of two years refers to the growth rate calculated by geometric average method based on the corresponding number of the same period in 2019.

               

              Annex
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